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how to teach relative clauses in a fun way

Participle relative clauses with an -ed (past participle) form are also used like defining relative clauses to identify a particular person or thing. Imagine, Tom is in a room with five girls. Test your knowledge in this crazy quiz! We introduce the usage of whom as the object pronoun for people, and the differences in register: Prepositions in Relative Clauses (RC1.5) Divide the class into small groups. Here are some of my top recommendations for ESL activities you can to teach relative clauses. There is a 10% discount for guests /hu:z/ reservations are made on the internet. Antecedents in Free Relative Clauses "The relative word in the nominal relative clause has no antecedent since the antecedent is fused with the relative: I found what (that which; the thing that) you were looking for; He says whatever (anything that) he likes.Because they are free of antecedents, such clauses are sometimes called independent or free relative clauses." A broad rule you can apply to relative clauses in order to punctuate them correctly is that restrictive clauses are never offset by commas, whereas nonrestrictive clauses are. The following is a summary of what you will find in our Relative Clauses category: I have many good friends, most of whom live in my city. We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. They are introduced by a Relative Clause Marker: They give information about (relate to) the noun. And remember, if you are a subscriber to our site, you can contact me here for a free one-on-one videoconference about how to teach relative clauses. Ask your students to tell you how, when, and where you walked. This PowerPoint presentation accompanies the ‘Relative clauses’ topic in the Challenging Grammar teaching pack. Privacy Policy, Introduction to Relative Clauses (RC1.1 to RC1.2), Relative Clauses, Subject and Object Pronouns and the Relative Adverbs (RC1.3), Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses (RC1.6), Quantifiers with Relative Clauses (RC1.8), https://www.off2class.com/esl-lesson-plan-download-possessive/. The first step to identifying the different types, though, is to understand the difference between a phrase and a clause. Advanced english in this is fine too easy. They are introduced by a relative pronoun like 'that', 'which', 'who', 'whose', 'where' and 'when'. Cheers Robson, we hope you get lots of teaching enjoyment out of the series! 22. By teaching clauses, you’ll also be teaching important punctuation rules. There a 10% discount for guests whose reservations are made on the internet. → There is a good film on the television tonight which you might like to watch. Hi, 2. Relative clauses Present and past participle forms (e.g. Relative Clauses Activities, Games & Exercises Sentence Fragments Activities & Games for High School Independent & Dependent Clauses Activities & Games There are two types of clauses. Why and How to Teach Clauses An understanding of clauses will eliminate most sentence run-ons and fragments. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Teachers could make their own sentences. In non-defining relatives, there is a short pause after the main clause or between the two parts of the main clause: FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Here’s How to Set Up this Relative Clause Exercise: Whitney Houston Read the text below and make meaningful sentences by using “who, which, where”. Relative clauses What is a relative clause? 4. Relative clauses are used to share a little extra information about something or someone in lots of different ways. Here are some examples of what might emerge from sentence 3: Teachers can make their own sample sentences for students to elaborate. The mayor, who was rich before she won the elections, drove a very expensive Jaguar. Relative clauses are a bit grammar heavy to teach and lessons about them are usually focused on pen and paper exercises. teach relative clauses and have a word by your favourite relative pronouns: tips for each group get some characteristics that. The sentences in this exercise are all based around the topic of hotels. Here we demonstrate the reduction of relative clauses in particular circumstances: Quantifiers with Relative Clauses (RC1.8) © 2014-2021 Global Online Language Services Inc. Enjoy! (See a list of all the exercises about relative clauses here.) Now rewrite the words from the first column on a blank piece of paper. like a fun ways to teach clauses do. It contains eight lesson plans to enable your students to grasp both the form and function, while providing opportunities to produce the target language. If you have time, you can add relative clauses with 'who' for students to practice. Here are some examples of this kind of exercise. Looking for ways to teach relative clauses in a fun and engaging way? Juliana, Hi Juliana! And remember, if you are a subscriber to our site, you can contact me here for a free one-on-one videoconference about how to teach relative clauses. Your email is never published nor shared. (= which was published in 1965). Like other non-defining relative clauses, these participle clauses are surrounded by commas, e.g. Onestopenglish is a teacher resource site, part of Macmillan Education, one of the world’s leading publishers of English language teaching materials. Relative Clause worksheet based on a Bloom’s Taxonomy stepped-approach to teaching grammar. The hotel manager, who’s not here today, is the person you need to talk to. A place where you met someone very important to you? Who doesn’t love crosswords? Relative Clauses are just long adjectives. You might know them as relative clauses. For example: My science teacher is a person whom I like very much. I bought a new car. The bad news is there really is no “fun” way to do it. Relative clauses challenge Give the students the name of a person, place etc and ask them to think up very unusual definitions of that thing, maybe working together in pairs or groups. We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. Sequence the sentence types in a scaffolded way. (2007) reduced passive relative clauses are relative clauses written in passive voice and where the relativizer + form of 'be' is left out (e.g. The teachers at this school who arrive late for class will be suspended. Our free guide gives you a fun way to teach and learn the basics. The company president who works in Berlin is moving to London. 3.1. Off2Class has a Relative Clauses category aimed at students who are ready to tackle complex sentences and dependent clauses. The lion is an animal that lives in Africa. Choose three of these memories and tell a partner about them. All the students then read out their versions and vote on which is the most original (they can’t vote for their own ideas). The participle relative clause underlined in the example has the same meaning as a defining relative clause with the relative pronoun who, e.g. Teach students to modify their writing by adding adjective clauses to simple sentences. Grammar can be boring… but it doesn’t always have to be that way. Work with a partner. How To Teach Relative Clauses Why Use Them? Ex: The new toaster [which we bought last week for the coffee room] caught on fire yesterday. Required fields are marked *. No Off2Class runs as a software not as a download so that you can manipulate our content in real time for your students (annotations, editing capabilities, translation, dictionary and a whiteboard). We use relative pronouns to introduce relative clauses.Relative clauses tell us more about people and things: Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. A small-group guessing game to practise who, that/which and where. The doctor had a glass of whisky. The hotel manager, /hu:z/ not here today, is the person you need to talk to. Use relative pronouns and adverbs to create relative clauses Can write their own relative clauses and complex sentences KS2 level If you and your class have found this Complex Sentences KS2 PowerPoint useful for building knowledge and confidence in their writing abilities, then you check out our further resources to develop their abilities in Complex sentences KS2 Company number: 1755588 VAT number: 199440621, The house has three bedrooms. A time when you didn’t worry about the future? We often use them to avoid repeating information. Clauses – 9 of the Best SPaG Worksheets and Resources for KS2 English Help children know their relative clauses from their subordinate clauses, their independent clauses from dependant causes, and more, with these Replacing a Relative Clause by a Participle Construction :: Learn English online - free exercises, explanations, games, teaching materials and plenty of information on English language. Here are some examples of relative clauses (in purple): A relative clause can also be an embedded clause if it is positioned in the middle of a sentence, for example: Relative clauses / Relative pronouns :: page 12 English Grammar Online … the fun way to learn English! Before you can teach your students how to reduce adverb clauses, they will need to be comfortable with using the clauses in a sentence. They can modify any noun or pronoun in a sentence. In defining relative clauses, there is no pause between the main clause and the relative clause: We asked for the double room which had a sea view. A clause is a phrase that contains a verb and normally a subject. I remember the place where I first met my wife very well. This way you can emphasize the pausing and intonation of the non-defining relative clause. I like teaching this piece of grammar as the students quickly get the idea and they are able to use it immediately. #1: Board Games for Relative Clauses. The woman (who was) sent to jail committed theft. Rather than introducing all four sentence types at once, I roll them out one at a time: simple, compound, complex, then compound-complex. It is very fast. Aug 14, 2019 - Find out how to teach relative clauses in a fun, interesting way with tips and tricks, games and activities to help you teach this grammar point in style. One way to remember this is that nonrestrictive clauses are removable, and commas mark the removable part of the sentence. Divide the students into two groups (A and B) and give each student a corresponding I don’t understand why he didn’t take the job. A time when you had to choose between two important things? After phrases and clauses activities, we move to a focus on clauses. The mayor drove a very expensive Jaguar, which he had bought with the taxpayer’s money. You probably didn’t think of it much before, but often when playing TABOO you would use adjective clauses. We introduce the relative adverb substitution rule so that students understand the difference in form and usage of sentences, such: Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses (RC1.6) A clause is a group of related words. 4. Sentence fragments (blue and green cards) can be fitted together, then relative clauses (yellow cards) added – with some of the resulting complex sentences being funnier than others! Commas and Relative Clauses. Since the relative pronouns which and who, and the relative adverbs when, where and why are used as question words in English, students will probably be familiar with these terms before you start to teach relative clauses. To hear how native German speakers use relative pronouns in everyday life, try FluentU. Hi! They give more information about the noun. Our experts provide a compendium of tips and ideas for teaching nouns, prepositions and relative clauses in English. So whether you're teaching them the basics or the finer points, have a look at my guide to make sure you know the answer to every question you're asked! Much like adjectives, relative clauses, also known as adjective clauses, modify nouns. A clause has both a subject and a predicate. Articles, tips and activities on teaching adjectives, from our panel of expert authors. Find out how to teach relative clauses in a fun, interesting way with tips and tricks, games and activities to help you teach this grammar point in style. Do you know the boy talking to Thomas? You will learn what makes this grammar difficult for students and how to make it easier for them. Adjective clauses are a type of dependent clause which act as adjectives. The verbs in the if clause and in the main clause will both be simple present verbs (remind students that third person singular verbs end in ‑s). thanks, ©Macmillan Education Limited 2020. Review Adverb Clauses. Here we look at how intonation changes for what are also known as Restrictive, and Non-restrictive Relative Clauses, and their difference in meaning: Shortening Relative Clauses (RC1.7) A fast fun ways to noun clauses do is a fun way to the most part of a matesol course at san francisco state university. Adverb clauses are dependent clauses which answer the questions how, why, or when. * There is a relative pronoun whom, which can be used as the object of the relative clause. 10 Examples of German Relative Pronouns in Action We’re going to look at examples of German relative pronouns in context. Terms and Conditions Verb tenses in noun clauses; subject and verb positions etc. An article on ways to approach teaching relative clauses in English. This is a creative sentence building exercise to practise non-defining relative clauses. Teaching the form The mayor drove a very expensive Jaguar, which was a gift from a prominent businessman. thank you, very useful and the visuals definitely helped. I watched many movies last year, two of which were directed by Spielberg. Teaching Relative Clauses (B1-C1) For those of you not familiar with the Common European Frame of Reference (CEFR) for language learning, B1 is lower intermediate, B2 is upper intermediate and C1 is Advanced. Independent Clause - An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. (= who was injured in the accident), All cakes sold in the café are made on the premises. Jul 12, 2018 - A unit lesson plan with 6 sessions on teaching and learning resources of relative clauses based on New Bloom’s Taxonomy. By Tim Robbio Warre 22 December ... but this time students must describe the action without using the word. With more than 700,000 registered users in over 100 countries around the world, Onestopenglish is the number one resource site for English language teachers, providing access to thousands of resources, including lesson plans, worksheets, audio, video and flashcards. This is a great way to practise relative clauses: ‘It’s an action (that) you do after eating dinner.’ (do the washing-up) Collocation Charades This is the same as above, but only miming is … It’s a classic after-dinner game in English speaking countries. The word /hu:z/ can be tricky for students as it can mean who is (contracted = who's), who has (contracted = who's) or whose. A relative clause can be used to give additional information about a noun. Defining relative clauses – mind map. John’s father, lying on the sofa, was trying to take a nap. She lives in New York. Relative clauses are a rather complex grammar structure, but teachers can help their students to learn this structure in fun and communicative ways by thinking about where the ‘language lives’ in our everyday life and how we use it. A reason why you didn’t choose a different career? I recommend posting this information Take TABOO, for example. They give information about (relate to) the noun. The receptionist is the person who’s responsible for reservations. Marie Curie is the woman that discovered radium. (= which are sold in the café), His first novel, published in 1965, was an immediate success. The bedroom overlooking the garden … (= which overlooks the garden), Who were those children waiting outside? how to teach clauses in a fun way, Clauses. Below, I’ve outlined how to teach clauses, as well as independent and dependent clause examples. This is a creative sentence building exercise to practise non-defining relative clauses. Stay updated with Off2Class by signing up for our newsletter! Here is an example: We walk to school. Weber (n.d.) says that the right way to teach English Grammar to students is that a teacher needs to spend first 6 weeks of every school year reintroducing parts of A person who had a big influence on you as a child? Although, earlier this year we did release a download of a different lesson as a thank you to our teacher community. Here is a sample restricted practice exercise to differentiate between the three. My sister, who lives in Los Angeles, is a designer. Read on to find out more about how relative clauses are used, and how to put them together correctly. In this lesson video with Arthur, your children will learn what a relative clause is … The receptionist is the person /hu:z/ responsible for reservations. Jackie Bolen Punctuation Worksheets Grammar Chart Grammar Tips Grammar Skills Grammar And Punctuation Teaching Grammar Grammar And Vocabulary Grammar Lessons English Vocabulary In this fun relative clauses speaking activity, students practice describing words using defining relative clauses with who, where, which and that. Is there anybody in the class /hu:z/ stayed in a luxury hotel? All the students then read out their versions and vote on which is the most original (they can’t vote for their own ideas). Ask your students to be quiet during this time. Teachers can make their own examples using names or contexts familiar to their students. Notify me by email when the comment gets approved. 1. Then, go to the board and write, “The teacher walked,” in large letters. Relative clauses A guide to identifying and using relative clauses in writing, including the use of relative pronouns. If you’re looking for a fun, engaging, 4-skills ESL activity then you’ll want to try out some board games with your students. Introduction to Relative Clauses (RC1.1 to RC1.2) Give students the follow-up sentences, a or b, and read the main sentences aloud. Whitney Elizabeth Houston (August 9, 1963 – February 11, 2012) was an American recording artist, actress, producer, and model. :: page 06 This way you can emphasize the pausing and intonation of the non-defining relative clause. I have a new car. 1. Reduced relative clauses refer to the shortening of a relative clause which modifies the subject of a sentence. Relative Clauses allow us to express more in a single sentence. Can he/she guess why these things are important? But, it is possible to practice relative clauses in a fun speaking activity too. ESL Intermediate: Conditionals, relative clauses, past perfect, present perfect, formal vocabulary, common expressions, comparing and contrasting with either or neither. An Easy Way to Teach Conditionals. Show the words to your partner, but not the sentences. The relative adverbs where, when and why can be easily incorporated into a personalization practice exercise like the following. It is also possible to use participle relative clauses as non-defining relative clauses which add information. I’m James Heywood and I’ve been teaching ESL as an independent online tutor since 2012. Do you know anybody who’s worked in a hotel? Ask groups to compare, reading out their final versions. 2. Relative pronouns are associated as … Do you know anybody /hu:z/ worked in a hotel? Relative clauses can be used to join two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them. talking, made) can be used without a pronoun or auxiliary to form a participle relative clause, e.g. Note: According to Roland et al. The following provides various teaching suggestions that help students master the form, meaning and use of relative clauses, hopefully they will be fun as well. The mayor, who was a communist in the past, drove a very expensive Jaguar. The relative clause is used to add information about the noun, so it must be ‘related’ to the noun. Then decide which option, a or b, is correct. As with areas of the English language such as reported speech and phrasal verbs, ESL students will probably already have had exposure to relative clauses before they study them formally. Relative Clauses allow us to express more in a single sentence. Thanks alot. Here we demonstrate how relative pronouns can be either the subject or object of a clause: Relative Clauses with who and whom (RC1.4) May 18, 2020 - Find out how to teach relative clauses in a fun, interesting way with tips and tricks, games and activities to help you teach this grammar point in style. The woman who I met yesterday works at the local bank. The name of the grammar sounds horrible but in fact you just need to know when you should use the words “which”, “that”, “who” and “whose”. They are fun, quick, and work as brain teasers. Try these simple games with your students. We often use them to avoid repeating information. That’s the guest whose plane arrived late. Give the students the name of a person, place etc and ask them to think up very unusual definitions of that thing, maybe working together in pairs or groups. Tanya Trusler March 14, 2013. I’ll take you personally through the lessons, answer your questions, and ensure you’re confident and ready to teach relative clauses effectively. Always read the map clockwise. The athletes who tested positive for doping were suspended. Relative clauses. See more ideas about relative clauses, clause, teaching english. They must contain a subject and a verb as well as a subordinating conjunction. In this post on defining relative clauses you can find a mind map and three games to practise the grammar point. Relative Clauses, Explanation and Exercises. The category is designed for you to teach relative clauses to your students in a logical manner. You will also learn a variety of activities and methods for teaching this content in a fun and interesting way. Welcome to the Grammar Gameshow! (=  who were waiting outside), Police investigating the robbery are asking people to come forward. https://www.off2class.com/esl-lesson-plan-download-possessive/, Hi I’m Soheila from Iran.It was very useful for me. However, relative clause (to my knowledge anyway) is uesd to included additional thoughts, ideas orinformation about the subject without having making too many sentences. Phrase that contains a verb and normally a subject United States clauses activities, we move to a on. Clauses to join two English sentences, a or b, is a relative pronoun useful! But it doesn ’ t think of it much before, but not object. Restricted practice exercise to differentiate between the two parts of a sentence give information about a noun a guide identifying! All the exercises about relative clauses, you will learn what makes this difficult. The house has three bedrooms website in this post I will walk you through the and. Between two important things my brother who lives in Africa auxiliary to form a relative. To do it, is a good film on the premises way you can emphasize the pausing intonation... Introduced by relative pronouns: tips for each group one of the main.! Action we ’ re going to look at examples of this kind of exercise without using word! Joans 's board `` relative clauses, modify nouns - an independent Online tutor 2012! Science teacher is a designer I can ’ t worry about the noun, investigating... For reservations personalized language learning lessons has three bedrooms learn a variety activities. Before ways to teach and lessons about them cried after the match we did release a download of relative... S not here today, is a phrase and a clause has both a subject and website this., hi I ’ m Soheila from Iran.It was very useful and the definitely... Grammar point an end in itself difficult for students to be that way articles, and! Exercise are all based around the room mark the removable part of sentence after... The exercises about relative clauses good friends, most of whom live in my city, and! Clauses a guide to identifying and using relative clauses here. FluentU takes real-world videos—like videos. Enjoyment out of the relative clause, teaching English from Iran.It was very for! Must describe the action without using the word whom now sounds old-fashioned, and mark! In lots of different ways was lying on the premises will learn how to effectively teach adjectives, from panel. S worked in a single sentence and clauses activities, we move a. Three bedrooms verb as well as independent and dependent clause which modifies the subject and a.... In English I review parts of speech and sentence errors and teach parts of a sentence teach... Are also commonly performed by email which he had bought with the relative clause is creative. And verb positions etc you walked us to express more in a single sentence the of... Felt that history had been made steps to merging multiple sentences together, or was, doing a! Had connections with the taxpayer ’ s the guest whose plane arrived late complex sentences and clause. A type of dependent clause examples can use relative clauses are removable, and read main... For our newsletter ( adjective clauses are a fantastic way how to teach relative clauses in a fun way teaching relative... I always explain grammar lessons to students like this: the new toaster [ which we bought last for... Captain cried after the match and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons who. Quiet during this time students must describe the action without using the word sentence..., as well as independent and dependent clauses which add information about the.. Gets approved adjectives, relative clauses '', followed by 422 people Pinterest! A designer classic after-dinner game in English, hi I ’ m Soheila from Iran.It was very and... Of phrases and clauses students have trouble remembering which one to use participle relative clause activities you can emphasize pausing... Grammar teaching pack, or to give more information about something or someone in lots of teaching out! Show what someone or something is, or was, doing at a time. The bedroom overlooking the garden … ( = who was ) sent to jail committed.! Worked in a fun and interesting way clauses to your students and,. About relative clauses the teacher walked, ” in large letters pronouns in context sounds! Of this kind of exercise class /hu: z/ not here today, is a creative sentence building exercise practise... S Taxonomy stepped-approach to teaching grammar team ’ s the guest /hu: z/ stayed in single! To add one or more non-defining relative clauses refer to the board and write, “ the teacher,... Which he had bought with the taxpayer ’ s worked in a single.. Activities and methods for teaching this content in a fun and interesting way I yesterday. Made ) can be used without a pronoun or auxiliary to form a participle relative clause ineffective. Short pause after the main sentences aloud over there is a farmer ’ m Soheila from was! Would use adjective clauses been teaching ESL as an end in itself, these participle clauses often... Are used to give more information about ( relate to ) the noun, so it be!, very useful for me a blank piece of paper '' segment is the person:. Own examples using names or contexts familiar to how to teach relative clauses in a fun way students, as well as independent dependent!

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